Coal is used to produce nearly 40%
of the world’s electricity and governments around the world are allowing
industry to spend billions of dollars on new coal-fired power stations.
Hundreds are currently under construction or in planning.
If these new coal plants are built, carbon emissions from
coal are expected to rise 60 per cent by 2030,
undermining international efforts to tackle climate change.
To have any chance of safely keeping global temperatures
from rising by less than 2C and limiting the damage from climate change, we
need to quit coal, increase energy efficiency and step up production of clean,
"The single greatest threat to the climate comes from
burning coal. Coal-fired generation is historically responsible for most of the
CO2 in the air today - responsible for about half of all carbon dioxide
Jim Hansen, director of the NASA Goddard Institute for Space
The true cost of coal
Coal may be one of the cheapest fossil fuels on the global
energy market but that’s only half the story. The mining and burning of coal
causes misery to millions worldwide.
ecosystems and contaminates water supplies. It emits other greenhouse gases
like nitrogen oxide and methane, as well as black carbon and toxic chemicals
like mercury and arsenic.
Leaking waste ruins fish stocks and
agriculture, and thus livelihoods, and directly contributes to health problems
like black lung disease.
The people affected by these impacts
are often the world’s poorest. In Jharia,
of people living around a decaying coal mine endure horrendous living
conditions caused by uncontrollable coal fires. In Russia, unsafe mining conditions
have caused injury and death for scores of workers.
A study by the Dutch research institute CE Delft concluded
that the cost of global health impacts from air pollution and loss of life from
mining accidents in 2007 was at least 360 billion Euros.
This staggering figure is likely
short of the real annual damages caused by coal since not all impacts were
assessed. Add to this the increasing costs for climate change in the future and
you get a sense of the high price people and the planet are playing for burning
The end of coal
While most countries have not yet ruled out building new
coal-fired power plants, here in Britain there is cause for
optimism. So far we’ve been successful campaigning with other organisations
including Oxfam, RSPB, WI and the World Development Movementto stop
new coal plants from being built working .
The most iconic of these campaigns was at Kingsnorth
in Kent, where German energy utility E.on planned to build the first new coal
plant in Britain for over 30 years to replace an existing plant. For over three
years we lobbied decision makers and in 2008 took non-violent direct action at the
coal station in Kingsnorth. The trial of six of the activists involved and
their subsequent acquittal
on the grounds that they were preventing greater damage from climate change- marked
a pivotal moment in the fight against new coal in Britain. The New York Times even
called it ‘one of the ideas that changed the world’.
Following the campaign E.on decided to pull out of building a
new coal fired power station at Kingsnorth
and the prospect of new coal stations being built here in the UK is now very
low. Having said that, colleagues in Scotland are trying to prevent plans to
build a new coal plant at Hunterston
and we’ll continue to campaign to hold the coalition to their promise of a new
law that would place legal limits on pollution from power stations across the
Coal may have been essential in powering
the Industrial Revolution, but now its time has clearly passed. A new
generation of coal-fired power stations would undermine – perhaps fatally – Britain's
chances of meeting its climate change targets.
The start of a clean energy revolution
As world leaders fail to step up and take the necessary
action to stop coal, people across the world are taking on the struggles
themselves. Across the world environmental activists, students, doctors, church
leaders and many more are mobilising against coal and Greenpeace is working
with local and global movements to put an end to coal and promote clean energy.
In the UK itwe could meet all of our
energy needs throughenergy efficiency, wave, wind and tidal
power. We’re campaigning to put clean energy at the very heart of our
energy system and of a new, low carbon economy.
The truth about “clean coal”
The coal industry knows they are under threat. Several years
ago the industry began a major public relations offensive and central to this
was a claim that we needn’t worry about the
climate damaging emissions of coal because a technological fix was in the
The promise of carbon
capture and storage (CCS) – a technology which would involve
capturing carbon emissions from power stations and burying them underground – began
to be used as a smokescreen to justify the building of new coal-fired power
plants, which in reality were as dirty as ever.
CCS technology won’t be ready at a commercial scale for years,
and we still don’t really know if CCS will ever be a safe and viable solution, so
it would be wrong to rely on this technology to save the climate. In the
meantime, coal plants will continue to pump out vast amounts of climate
damaging greenhouse gases.