Only 5 out of UK’s 73 offshore marine protected areas moving towards conservation targets, Greenpeace report reveals

After revealing that supertrawlers spent 5590 hours fishing in UK offshore protected areas in the first half of 2020 [1], a new Greenpeace analysis has found that only 5 of the UK’s 73 offshore protected areas ‘may be’ progressing towards conservation targets.


21 offshore protected areas are ‘unlikely’ to be progressing towards conservation targets. The remaining 47 lack any information on their progress. Just 2 out of 73 offshore protected areas have long-term site condition monitoring available.

This analysis was conducted by compiling each protected area’s ‘Progress Towards Conservation Targets’ as listed on the Joint Nature Conservation Committee’s MPA Site Information Centres, which hold up to date information on each of the UK’s offshore MPAs [2].

These findings are revealed today in a new Greenpeace report, Bright Blue Seas [embargoed copy available on request]. The report, which features a foreword by Chris Packham, examines the state of the UK’s network of offshore protected areas, those more than 12 nautical miles from the coast, and the destructive industrial fishing activity which continues to take place with alarming regularity inside them. 

Greenpeace’s report focuses on offshore protected areas because the UK Government will have new powers to regulate fishing in offshore waters after Britain’s departure from the Common Fisheries Policy. Greenpeace’s ship, the Esperanza, will set sail this month to bear witness to some of the destructive practices taking place in the UK’s failing protected areas. 

Chris Thorne, an oceans campaigner at Greenpeace UK, said:
“The fact that just 5 of our offshore protected areas ‘may be’ progressing towards their conservation targets is a damning reflection on this Government’s failure to properly protect the UK’s waters. Our Government isn’t even sure if these 5 are actually making progress because all but 1 lack long-term site condition monitoring.

“Our failing network of offshore protected areas is no surprise when you learn that destructive industrial fishing vessels like supertrawlers spend thousands of hours fishing in our protected areas every year. Government must ban supertrawlers and other destructive fishing vessels from operating in all our protected areas as a first step towards creating a network of fully or highly protected marine areas, covering at least 30% of our waters.

The five offshore MPAs which ‘may be’ progressing towards their conservation targets are Fulmar, North-East of Farnes Deep, North-West Orkney, Pisces Reef Complex and Swallow Sand. The two MPAs which have some long-term site condition monitoring available are Skomer, Skokholm and the Seas off Pembrokeshire and North-West Orkney. 

The 21 protected areas which are ‘unlikely’ to be progressing towards conservation targets include the Wyville Thomson Ridge, Offshore Overfalls and the Wight-Barfleur Reef, some of the MPAs worst affected by supertrawler operations in 2019 [3].

Charles Clover, Executive Director at Blue Marine Foundation, said:
“This report highlights the urgent need to ban destructive fishing practices in our offshore marine protected areas, for the good of the marine ecosystems and the coastal communities that depend on them. As we prepare to leave the Common Fisheries Policy, the UK Government must lead by example and turn these paper parks into flourishing marine reserves that are safe from all forms of harmful, industrial fishing.”

Greenpeace UK is calling on the UK Government to ban supertrawlers and other destructive fishing vessels from fishing in UK MPAs as the first step towards creating a network of fully or highly protected marine areas, covering at least 30% of the UK’s waters by 2030, in which all industrial fishing activity is banned.

A Greenpeace petition calling for a ban has already gathered over 214,000 signatures [4]. Over 80 MPs have signed a letter to the Environment Secretary calling for action on marine protection [5], and the Labour Party also support a ban [6]. YouGov polling has shown that 4 in 5 people in the UK support a supertrawler ban [7].

An embargoed copy of Bright Blue Seas: The Need To Properly Protect Our Offshore Marine Protected Areas, is available on request.


A collection of supertrawler photo/video is available here


James Hanson – Press Officer – 07801 212 994 – 



[2] The JNCC, funded by Defra, is an executive, non-departmental public body, and the statutory adviser to the government and to devolved UK administrations on matters of UK and international nature conservation. Please see page 7 of Bright Blue Seas for the full methodology behind the Greenpeace analysis. Greenpeace contacted the JNCC in August 2020 to confirm that the MPA Site Information Centres contain up to date information.

[3] For a full list of each offshore MPA’s progress towards conservation targets, see Annexe 1 of Bright Blue Seas





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